This essay deals with books and pamphlets as abstract units rather than physical objects. The place of publication is noted only where necessary to other purposes and then only as UK or US. The dates given are for first book or pamphlet publication, except that in #71 the dates for first serial publication are also given. For each book or pamphlet the length is given in the pages of the Atlantic Edition (4) or in abstract pages (\"ap\") of the same size. For detailed information on the various first editions, the reader is respectfully referred to the two major bibliographies (1-2). Wells began his book-publishing career in 1893 with Text-Book of Biology and Honours Physiography. Although I have glanced at copies of these books, I have not read them and so do not presume to include them in this survey. Besides, it seems eminently fitting to begin the survey with The Time Machine, which is now known to have been published before Select Conversations (see 3). With exception allowed for any work appearing in the Atlantic Edition, I have also excluded publications of certain types listed in the major bibliographies (see 2). The annotations are intended to be, not evaluative as to literary quality, but factually descriptive as to content and reputation; that is, terms like classic and notable are used to indicate, not just opinions that I happen to share, but opinions that seem to be widespread. The length of each annotation is determined not by the supposed importance of the work but by the amount of detail necessary to indicate the interrelations between Wells's various books and to suggest both the continuities and the changes in his thought. In classifying the various works of fiction, I have counted as fantasy those that deal with the phehistoric past as traditionally envisioned in theology or mythology; with future time as leading to judgment day; with outer space as envisioned in theological astrology; or with the traditional personae of demonology and mythology: angels, devils, and the demons of the air, ghosts and human souls waiting to be born, magicians and witches, mermaids and fairies, etc. Counted as delusional fantasy are stories that center on a dream or daydream, or a sleeping or waking nightmare, of the protagonist. On the other hand I have counted as science fiction stories that deal with imagined developments in applied science, including social science and the psychic; with imagined biological species, imagined survivals in presumably extinct species, or imagined mutations in existing species; with natural catastrophes of a nature or scope unparalleled in history, though perhaps not in myth; with the prehistoric past as reconstructed in paleontology; with the fourth dimension as a short-cut through time or space or as a link between parallel worlds; or with outer space as an extension of the material world perhaps inhabited by beings with humanlike or even godlike powers but not exclusively or primarily by traditional beings behaving in the traditional ways. Also counted as SF are those stories in which apparently supernatural phenomena are made subject to natural law, as in #76. In both fantasy and SF we have stories of the unresolved type: those in which narrator and reader are left in doubt as to whether the ghost was real or merely a delusion, or the claimed invention or discovery merely a fraud. For stories counted neither as fantasy nor as SF, I have used four terms: the noun novel or the adjective mundane for those predominantly concerned with the world of the here and now as empirically verified in our daily lives; colonial romance for the adventures of Europeans or Americans (\"white men\") among the natives of the far places of the world; and ruritanian romance for stories laid in imaginary small kingdoms of the white man's world. Finally, I have used the term mundane in two paradoxical ways: in mundane fantasy for stories that contain nothing of the supernatural or science-fictional but are too dreamlike to be called realistic and too reasonable to be called surrealistic; and in such phrases as mundane farce on the wonders of science for stories centering on astonished, marveling, or worshipful reactions to the actual achievements of modern science.
1. Geoffrey H. Wells. The Works of H. G. Wells 1887-1925: A Bibliography, Dictionary, and Subject-Index. 1926. 2. The H. G. Wells Society. H. G. Wells: A Comprehensive Bibliography. 1966, 1968 (rev), 1972 (with index). To avoid duplication, certain CB items have been merged with certain Survey items (e.g., The Red Room, CB 7, is listed here only as a story in #7): 7/#7, 13/#71, 32/#38, 34/#27, 42/#71, 44/#71, 46/#38, 48/#38, 66/#52, 89/#27, 92/#67, 98/#74, 99/#74, 106/#82, 108/#82, 111/#82, 114/#75, 118/#82, 126/*95, 146/#100, 149/#111. With exception allowed for any work that appears in the Atlantic Edition, CB items of the following kinds have been excluded altogether: early textbooks (1, 2), books or pamphlets to which Wells was merely. a contributor, and pamphlets printed for private circulation, issued as advertising brochures, or of less than 32ap (29, 31, 45, 49, 70, 72, 73, 80, 82, 83, 86, 87, 88, 95, 112, 113, 153), and two items which I have been unable to locate (143, 151) and which are listed in CB without sufficient detail to tell me whether they would qualify or even to persuade me that they have actually been examined by the editors of CB. 3.Bernard Bergonzi, \"The Publication of The Time Machine, 1894-1895,\" in Thomas D. Clareson, ed., SF: The Other Side of Realism (1971), pp2O4-15; reprinted from Review of English Studies 11(1960):42-51. 4. The Works of H. G. Wells. Atlantic Edition. 28 vols. Vols. 1-3, 1924; 4-14, 1925; 15-22, 1926; 23-28, 1927. Referred to below as Al, A2, etc., with the prefaces designated as 0. The promise made in the prospectus for AE, that its contents would be newly revised, was kept only in a very desultory fashion with respect to the fictions and familiar essays, where the revisions (except for #43) are not substantive but merely stylistic in quite trivial ways. #1. The Time Machine: An Invention. US 1895; UK 1895 (rev). A1 (116p; rechaptered). SF. Evolution to the end of time: social, biologic, geologic, solar. Forms with ## 5, 8, 10, 14 the group of five scientific romances that have won virtually unanimous acclaim. #2. Select Conversations with an Uncle (Now Extinct) and Two Other Reminiscences. 1895 (74ap). 14 familiar essays in which provincial common sense is pitted against the artistic and social fashions of the metropolis. #3. The Wonderful Visit. 1895. Al (155p). The first book-length story in which Wells uses the method that predominates in his short stories, \"the method of bringing some fantastically possible or impossible thing into a commonplace group of people, and working out their reactions with the completest gravity and reasonableness\" (A10). An angel falls from his world (our land of dreams) through the fourth dimension to our world (his land of dreams), where he is immediately shot down by a birdhunting vicar, who then takes him home to nurse, for until his wounds heal he will not be able to fly again. The townspeople refuse to believe that he is anything other than some queer kind of hunchback. Although a pure creature when he arrives, he gradually deteriorates as he breathes our \"poisonous air\" (48), so that when his wounds heal, he finds himself not only unable to fly but also suffering from all the human passions; cf #23. SF; if barely so: although the protagonist is called an angel, he is not from the traditional heaven; moreover, the concept of parallel worlds with each being the other's land of dreams would seem to belong to psychic SF rather than traditional fantasy. #4. The Stolen Bacillus and Other Incidents. 1895 (168ap). 1. The Stolen Bacillus. Mundane farce on the wonders of science. A jesting bacteriologist tells a visitor that the bottle ill his hand contains enough bacteria to poison London's entire water supply. Since modern science can do anything, the credulous visitor, who happens to be an anarchist, runs away with the bottle to do just what the bacteriologist has suggested. 2. The Flowering of the Strange Orchid. Al. Biological SF. 3. In The Avu Observatory. Biological SF. 4. The Triumphs of a Taxidermist. Mundane satire on the passion to make a name for oneself by the discovery of new species. 5. A Deal in Ostriches. Mundane farce. 6. Through a Window. Ironic mundane melodrama. 7. The Temptation of Harringay. Fantasy: the infernal pact and artistic integrity. 8. The Flying Man. Colonial romance with the wonders of technology: the natives astounded by the use of a parachute. 9. The Diamond Maker. SF of the unresolved type; cf #75. 10. Aepyornis Island. A1. Biological SF. 11. The Remarkable Case of Davidson's Eyes. A1. SF: the fourth dimension. 12. The Lord of the Dynamos. Al. Mundane tragedy involving the wonders of science: a white man's brutal jest and a black man's religious response; cf 1. 13. The Hammerpond Park Burglary. Mundane farce. 14. The Moth. A1. Delusional fantasy satirizing the rivalry of biologists in the discovery of new species. 15. The Treasure in the Forest. Colonial romance. #5. The Island of Dr. Moreau. 1896. A2(170p). Described by Wells as a \"theological grotesque\" (A20), this story of animals turned into men by surgery has been given various parabolic interpretations. #6. The Wheels of Chance: A Holiday Adventure. 1896. A7 (231p). Novel. This story of the misadventures of a draper's assistant on a bicycling holiday is the first of the five comedies of lower middle-class life: \"close studies\" of \"personalities thwarted and crippled by the defects of our contemporary civilization\" (A70). Cf ## 13, 22, 32, 44. #7. The Plattner Story and Others. 1897 (296ap). 1. The Plattner Story. A1. SF: the fourth dimension. 2. The Argonauts of the Air. SF: the building and launching of the first successful aeropl