In 1303, Edward I negotiated an agreement with the Lombard merchant community that secured custom duties and certain rights and privileges.  The revenues from the customs duty were handled by the Riccardi, a group of bankers from Lucca in Italy.  This was in return for their service as money lenders to the crown, which helped finance the Welsh Wars. When the war with France broke out, the French king confiscated the Riccardi's assets, and the bank went bankrupt.
Furthermore, unlike many ethnic groups in the country, there are substantial numbers of Italians outside England. Locations with significant Italian populations include London, where the 2011 Census recorded 62, 050 Italian-born residents,  Manchester with an estimated 25, 000 people of Italian ethnicity,  Bedford with an estimated 14, 000 ethnic Italians,  and Glasgow, which is home to the vast majority of the estimated 35, 000+ Italian Scots.  Little Italies Little Italy in Clerkenwell, London.
 Hoddesdon, in Hertfordshire has a large Sicilian population.  Glasgow is the centre of the Scottish Italian community.  Notable individuals See also List of British Italians Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom Italy – United Kingdom relations Romano-British culture Italian diaspora Accademia Apulia Lombard Street St Peter's Italian Church Italian Scots Welsh Italians British in Italy Little Italy, London References ^ Data taken from 2011 census table on NOMIS QS211EW titled 'Ethnic Group (detailed)' on write in ethnic groups that do not constitute their own separate section in the default ethnicity figures. ^ Colpi (1992) ^ Palmer (1981) ^ "History Today". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
The area around Wardour Street and Old Compton Street in Soho, London used to be known as Little Italy.  Ancoats in Manchester used to be known as little Italy.  The area around Scotland Road in Liverpool used to be known as Little Italy.  The area around Fazeley Street in Digbeth, Birmingham, used to be known as Little Italy.  Bedford, where the population is about 8% Italian or of Italian heritage.
[dead link] ^ Collins, Nick (22 February 2013). "One million Brits 'descended from Romans'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2017. ^ King, R. (1977). "Italian Migration to Great Britain". Geography. 62 (3): 176–186. JSTOR 40568731. ^ "Cosmati Pavement". Westminster-Abbey. org. ^ Brown (1989), pp. 65–66 ^ Prestwich (1972), pp. 99–100 ^ Brown (1989), pp. 80–81 ^ Prestwich (1972), p. 403 ^ Braudel (1982), p.
A railway network had been started by this time, and this helped the people from the Liri valley to migrate to the North of Italy, and then on to Britain. The people from Parma were predominantly organ grinders, while the Neapolitans from the Liri valley (now under Lazio) made ice cream...... the occupational structure of the immigrants, up to the 1870s, remained 'substantially the same'. After this date, all itinerant employment crossed regional demarcations.... The centre of the Italian community in Britain throughout the 19th Century, and indeed to the present day, is 'Little Italy', situated in a part of London called Clerkenwell.....
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